Gender, Skilled Migration and IT industry: a comparative study of India and the UK

Women collaborate on a laptop.
May 2017 - Apr 2018

This project seeks to develop new perspectives on how to address the low numbers of women in the UK Information Technology (IT) sector, by examining how India attracts and maintains a high representation of women in its IT sector. There have been many attempts to improve women’s participation in the IT industry in the UK but they have had limited and variable success. However, gender equity in IT is an important target globally as there is increasing concern over falling entry and retention levels of women in IT, and in the STEM-subject professions more generally. India’s comparatively high rates of entry and retention are a globally-significant exception.

Through a multidisciplinary, comparative analysis across two countries, and of the experiences of migrants, two significant but separate fields of academic research will be brought together in GSM-IT:

  • gender issues in IT
  • gender and skilled migration

This project uses academic and industry interests and approaches to explore four questions

  1. What are the patterns of gender differences in the labour market among migrant and non-migrant workers in the IT sector in India and the UK?
  2. What processes have led to gendered patterns of workplace experiences among migrant and non-migrant workers in the IT sector in India and the UK?
  3. What is the role of firms, industry and national regulations and cultures in creating barriers and opportunities for migrant and non-migrant men and women's career entry and progression and labour markets?
  4. What are the best practices for integrating women into firms in each country and how does this differ by migration status?

This project is supported by the ESRC, and is being run by Professor Parvati Raghuram, Dr Clem Herman, Dr Esther Ruiz Ben, and Dr Gunjan Sondhi.

Industry Partners


UK: TechUK, BCS Women, Tech Advocates London

Research Outputs






Data Access

Archived data is accessible through the UK Data Service website.